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Amateka y’Abaperezida 10 bamaze ku butegetsi igihe kirekire kurusha abandi muri Afurika ( Yavuguruwe )
Publish Date: vendredi 27 janvier 2017
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Basomyi bacu tubiseguyeho kuba twarabagejejeho inkuru irimo amakosa iteditinze ( Editing ) nkuko mwakomeje kubitwandikira bigaragaza ko mudukurikira muri benshi mukanatugira inama, tubiseguyeho kuko habayeho uburangare, amakosa aratambuka, tubasabye Imbabazi.

Iyi nkuru iragira iti iyo witegereje mu bihugu nka Ghana, Nigeria na Tanzanie usanga Umuco w’abakuru b’ibihugu kurekura ubutegetsi bagasimburwa n’abandi utangiye gufata Inzira igaragara.

Ariko mu bindi bihugu bya Afurika ugasanga Umuco wo kugundira ubutegetsi ukiri hahandi.

Muri iyi Nyandiko reka turebere hamwe abakuru b’ibihugu bya Afurika bamaze imya myinshi ku butegetsi kurusha Abandi.

1.Jose Eduardo dos Santos (38)

Perezida wa Angola Eduardo dos Santos, nyuma y’aho igihugu cye kigobotoreye ingoma y’ubukoloni bw’aba Portugali (Abareno), n’urupfu rw’uwamubanjirije, Augustino Neto, ufatwa nk ’ intwali y’Igihugu. Eduardo dos Santos yagiye ku butegetsi mu 1979, bivuze y’uko abumazeho imyaka 38, akaba ariwe ubumazeho imyaka myinshi kurusha abandi bose muri Afurika.

Mu gihe muri Angola umuturage abaho hasi y’amadolari abiri ku munsi, Umukobwa we , Isabel, ni umwe mu bakire cyane muri Afurika akaba ari nawe ushobora kuba umukire cyane ku Isi mu bantu bakiri bato.

2.Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo - Guinée équatoriale (35)

Ubutegetsi bwa Perezida Masie Nguema Biyongo Ndong bwahiritswe hamenetse amaraso mu 1979 hajyaho inama ya gisirikare (Conseil révolutionnaire) ikuriwe na Teodoro Obiang Nguema Basongo, Perezida wari umaze guhirikwa ku bugegetsi yari abereye se wabo ! Mu 1982 nibwo Teodore Nguema yarahiye ku mugaragaro kuba Perezida wa Equitorial Gueinea, akaba atagaragaza yuko afite gahunda yo kuzapfa abuvuyeho ! Obiang yavutse mu 1943.

3. Paul Biya - Cameroun (35)

Paul Biya uzwiho kuba akorana cyane n’Ubufaransa yabaye Perezida wa Cameroun mu 1982, Mbere ariko akaba yari Minisitiri w’intebe ku butegetsi bwa Perezida Ahmadou Ahidjo. Beya yavutse mu 1933.

4. Robert Mugabe - Zimbabwe (34)

Mugabe ukabakaba imyaka 93 y’amavuko yabaye Minisitiri w’intebe Zimbabwe ikibona ubwigenge mu 1980, kugeza mu 1987, aho yakomereje ari Perezida wa Repubulika Kugeza ubu. Akiri na Minisitiri w’intebe ariko niwe wari umukuru wa Guverinoma kuko icyo gihe Perezida yabaga uw’icyubahiro gusa.

5. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni - Ouganda (31)

Yoweri Kaguta Mseveni yabaye Perezida wa Uganda mu 1986 ahiritse ubutegetsi bwa Tito Okello wari ubumazeho igihe gito nyuma yo guhirika ubwa Milron Obotte.

Mu Itegeko nshinga rya Uganda ibya manda ebyiri ntarengwa byavanyweho, Museveni akaba nta nzitizi ya manda imukumira gukomeza kwiyamamariza umwanya w’umukuru w’gihugu. Museveni yavutse mu 1944

6. Omar al-Bashir - Soudan (28 ans)

Brigadier Omar Hassan al-Bashir yabaye Perezida wa Soudan mu 1989 ahiritse ubutegetsi bwa Minisitiri w’intebe, Sadiq al-Mahdi, icyo gihe igihugu cyari mu mapfa ateye ubwoba.

Bashir akurikiranywe n’urukiko mpuzamahanga mpanabyaha (CPI) ku bwicanyi n’ubundi bugome ndengakamere bwakorewe mu ntara ya Darfour. Uru papuro rwa CPI rwo guta muri Yombi Bashir rwasohowe muri 2009, akaba ariwe mukuru w’igihugu wa mbere ukurikiranywe n’urwo rukiko akiri ku butegetsi. Bashir yavutse mu 1944.

7. Idriss Déby - Tchad (27)

Idriss Deby yafashe ubutegetsi muri Tchad mu 1990 ahiritse ubutegetsi bwa Perezida Hissène Habré. Mu myaka ya nyuma ya Habre ku butegetsi, Deby yahungiye muri Libye atangiza igisirikare.

Icyo gisirikare cya Deby cyaje kubona inkunga ya Libye na Soudan agaba igitero muri Tchad kugeza aho afatiye umurwa mukuru, N’Djamena, nta nkomyi ! Deby yavutse mu 1952.

8. Isaias Afwerki - Erythrée (24)

Erythrée yabonye ubwigenge bwayo kuva kuri Ethiopie mu 1993, Isaias Afwerki ahita aba Perezida w’igihugu kugeza ubu.

Ishyaka rya Afwerki, Front populaire pour la démocratie et la justice (PFDJ) niryo ryonyine ryemewe gukora politike muri icyo gihugu gitegekeshwa igitugu kigahora kinahanganye n’umuturanyi wacyo, Ethiopie. Isais Afewerk Tiginya yavutse mu 1946.

9. Yahya Jammeh - Gambie (23)

Yahya Jammeh yemeye kurekura kungufu za Demokarasi yabaye Perezida w’igihugu cya Gambie. Jammeh yafashe ubutegetsi mu 1994, afite imyaka 31 y’amavuko.

Mu ntangiriro z’ukwezi gushize muri Gambie habaye Amatora ya Perezida wa Repubulika, Jammeh atsindwa na Adama Barow. Jammeh yabanje kwemera yuko yatsinzwe ariko nyuma aza kuvuga yuko amatora agomba gusubirwamo, yanga kuva ku butegetsi kandi manda ye yararangiye tariki 18 z’uku kwezi. ubu ari mu buhungiro.

Barow yagombaga kurahira tariki 19 z’uku kwezi ariko iyo tariki iza kugera ari mu buhungiro, apfa kurahirira muri Sénégal ya muhaye ubuhungiro ! Yahya Niwe muto muri aba baperezida bose kuko yavutse mu 1965. Adama Barow ubu yagarutse mu gihugu niwe uri kubutegetsi.

10. Denis Sassou Nguesso -Congo Brazaville (17)

Perezida Dennis Sassou Nguesso afite amateka y’imboneka rimwe mu mitegekere y’igihugu kuko yabaye Perezida wa Congo Brazaville mu bihembwe bidakurikirana.

Mwa mbere NGUESSO yabaye Perezida mu 1979, kugeza mu 1992.

Mu 1996 muri Congo hadutse imirwano, ingabo za NGUESSO zishobora guhirika ubutegetsi bwa Prezida Pascar Lissouba, NGUESSO usubirana umwanya wa Perezida wa Repubulika mu 1997 kugeza ubu ! NGUESSO yashoboye guhinduza Itegeko nshinga, manda ebyiri ntarengwa ku mwanya w’umukuru w’igihugu zikurwaho ! NGUESSO yavutse mu 1943.

Casmiry Kayumba

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